Subsidies: Who is eligible and how do they work?

June 5, 2013

Starting January 1, 2014, some of your individual clients may be able to get subsidies or tax credits when they buy health coverage. So who can get these subsidies or tax credits, and how do they work? We’ll break it down for you.

Subsidies for individuals

In 2014, people who qualify may be able to get a tax credit from the government to help them buy health coverage and pay their premiums. Or they may qualify for subsidies from the government to help them pay for their out-of-pocket health care costs. And they don’t have to wait until tax time to get it. The tax credit can be used for any individual plan sold on the exchange, or health care marketplace.

Who qualifies

  • Tax credit:
    • People who are U.S. citizens or legally live in the U.S.
    • People earning between 100% and 400% of the federal poverty level if they are not eligible for other sources of minimum essential coverage, including government-sponsored programs such as Medicare and Medicaid or Medi-Cal in California.
    • Single people with household modified adjusted gross incomes from 100% to 400% of the federal poverty level would earn from $11,490 to $45,960 each year.
    • A family of four with household modified adjusted gross income from 100% to 400% of the federal poverty level would earn from $23,550 to $94,200 each year.
  • Subsidy:
    • People with incomes up to 250% of the federal poverty level may also get an extra subsidy when they buy a silver level plan. These subsidies are lower cost shares for services covered by the silver plan. The federal government subsidizes the higher benefits provided by the insurer.

Who doesn’t qualify

  • People who can get Medicare or Medicaid (Medi-Cal in California)
  • People who can get a plan of a minimum value at work with premiums that cost less than 9.5% of their earnings

When health insurance marketplace open enrollment starts

Open enrollment for plans offered through the health insurance marketplace begins on October 1, 2013, and plan coverage starts as early as January 1, 2014.

 

Health care reform: Know the rules and penalties of the individual mandate

May 29, 2013

The individual mandate starts in January 2014 and is an important part of the Affordable Care Act. The individual mandate requires people legally living in the U.S. to buy a minimum amount of health coverage unless they are exempt. In general, people who don’t have to file taxes due to low income are exempt from the individual mandate.

But how does it work? And what are the penalties for people who don’t get coverage?

How the individual mandate works

When people file their 2014 taxes in 2015, they’ll need to report whether or not they had health coverage in 2014. If they did have coverage, they will need to report if they qualified for a tax credit or subsidy. Health coverage includes a group plan, an individual plan, Medicare or Medicaid. If they don’t have health coverage, they could face a tax penalty. Each year, the penalty increases.

What are the tax penalties?

If a person doesn’t have a health plan, he or she will pay a tax penalty as follows:.

  • 2014: Penalty is the larger amount – $95 or 1% of taxable earnings
  • 2015: Penalty is the larger amount – $325 or 2% of taxable earnings
  • 2016: Penalty is the larger amount – $695 or 2.5% of taxable earnings

What happens if your clients can’t pay for a plan?

People may qualify for a tax credit through the exchange based on their incomes. People earning between 100% and 400% of the federal poverty level can qualify if they are not eligible for other sources of minimum essential coverage, including government-sponsored programs such as Medicare and Medicaid.

This includes:

  • Individuals with modified adjusted gross incomes of $11,490 to $45,960 a year
  • Families of four with modified adjusted gross incomes of $23,550 to $ 94,200 a year.

People may qualify for cost-sharing subsidies based on their income. This includes:

  • Individuals with modified adjusted gross incomes of $11,490 to $28,725 a year.
  • Families of four with modified adjusted gross incomes of $23,500 to $58,875 a year.

To learn about other health care reform topics, check out the timeline and FAQs on our broker/employer health care reform website or visit our member website, healthcarereform4you.com.

This article applies to:

  • California, Wisconsin, Virginia, Ohio, New York, Nevada, New Hampshire, Missouri, Maine, Kentucky, Indiana, Georgia, Connecticut,  and Colorado
  • Small Group, Large Group,  and Individual (under 65)

California insurance changes

San Francisco Chronicle by Patrick Johnston –

May 5, 2013:

Over the next month, Californians will begin to get a clearer picture of the historic changes the Affordable Care Act will make in the state’s insurance market for individual plans as it expands coverage to millions of the state’s uninsured residents.

The state is scheduled to start providing the details about the health plans that will be offered through Covered California, a new competitive marketplace for individual, families and small businesses purchasing coverage.

Through Covered California, these Californians can begin purchasing insurance plans on Oct. 1 that will more resemble employer-provided insurance than the bare-bones coverage they may have had in the past.

The plans will go into effect on Jan. 1, and will offer more comprehensive coverage and smaller out-of-pocket expenses for deductibles and co-pays. Pre-existing conditions will no longer be taken into consideration, lifetime limits are eliminated, and subsidies will be available for individuals earning up to $46,000 and for families with an income of up to $94,200.

This will mean that many individuals will pay less for coverage than they did before the new federal law, but some Californians will face higher health insurance premiums.

Those on the lowest end of the income scale could see their premiums decline by as much as 84 percent, according to a report commissioned by Covered California.

But middle- and upper-income Californians who buy their coverage in the individual market and who don’t qualify for the subsidies could face premium increases of as much as 30 percent, the report said. This could be especially true in San Francisco, with its higher median income and growing ranks of self-employed entrepreneurs, who will be seeking insurance in the individual market.

Among the reasons for the higher premiums for these Californians is the shift of out-of-pocket costs into premiums – that is, Californians will have lower co-pays and deductibles because the premiums will absorb more of the underlying cost of care. This shift ultimately could save money for people who use medical services more frequently. Families earning less than $60,000 a year, for example, could save up to 76 percent on the cost of care.

Providing more comprehensive benefits also means Californians in the individual market may pay more than they have before because the plans contain additional benefits – including benefits they might never use, such as pediatric dental care for beneficiaries who have no children.
Younger people may also lose some of their price advantage because of changes in the ways health plans calculate benefits. Because they were considered to be healthier, younger beneficiaries previously paid less than older people. Under the new plan, they will still pay less than older Californians but they will pay more than before. The report estimated these changes would cause Californians under age 25 to face, on average, up to a 25 percent higher premium, while older people would see an increase of about 12 percent if they don’t qualify for subsidies. The report suggested that on average, individual premiums in California would rise 9 percent.

While these subsidies will help reduce premiums for some 2.6 million Californians, they won’t reduce the underlying cost of care, which continues to outpace inflation by almost 250 percent. These underlying costs often are outside health plans’ control, including the rising cost of hospitalization, doctors’ visits, medical tests, prescription drugs and other health care services.

Among the many reasons for the rising costs are unnecessary tests, procedures and drugs, which experts say consume about $1 of every $3 spent on health care. We are an aging population, and older people have more costly medical needs. Also, about 40 percent of adult Californians live with at least one chronic condition, and chronic conditions account for more than 75 percent of all heath care costs.

Health plans are working to reduce costs by providing wellness programs. They offer free counseling for depression, quitting smoking, losing weight, eating healthier and reducing alcohol use. They’re also limiting their overhead to about 11 cents out of every $1 in premiums. Plans are also working collaboratively to more closely align quality and payment in medical treatment and to improve cost transparency for consumers.

The federal Affordable Care Act and state law place tight limits on profits by requiring health plans to spend 80 to 85 cents out of every $1 in premiums on doctors’ and hospitals’ bills, prescription drugs, tests and other health care services for their members.

If the plans fall short of that requirement, then they must provide a rebate. California commercial plans exceeded those requirements by spending, on average, 89 cents out of every $1 in premiums on medical care.

California health plans’ net profit margins are far less than others in the industry, averaging just 3.6 percent annually. Other sectors of health care, such as the pharmaceutical industry, benefited from net profit margins of up to 16.7 percent, according to Yahoo Finance data.

While the federal health care law will expand coverage, increase benefits and make many other changes to help Californians, it does not do enough to address the rising cost of care that continues to drive up the price of premiums.

The prescription for curing our health care system calls for more cooperation among all of us – elected officials, hospitals, physicians, patients and insurers – to lower the underlying costs of care so that we can ensure coverage is affordable.

Consumer Groups upset about delay

Consumer Groups Protest Delay Of ACA Out-Of-Pocket Expense Cap.

Kaiser Health News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (4/10, Appleby) reports that several consumer groups are asking the Obama Administration to reconsider its decision not to enforce the Affordable Care Act provision capping out-of-pocket expenses an insurance plan can ask an individual to pay. Under the ACA, the “out-of-pocket cap…is estimated to be about $6,250 for an individual.” However, groups including the American Cancer Society warned that because of the delay, “insurers and employers may be able to keep offering health plans next year that include out-of-pocket caps for individuals of $12,500 or more.”

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